Perhaps first a question to Caro about FitzRoy as governor of New Zealand...https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_FitzRoy
"Governor of New Zealand
The first Governor of New Zealand, Captain William Hobson
, died in late 1842. The Church Missionary Society
, which had a strong New Zealand presence, suggested FitzRoy as his successor and he was appointed by the government. He took up his new task in December 1843. On the journey to New Zealand, he met William John Warburton Hamilton
and made him his private secretary.
His instructions were to maintain order and protect the Māori
, while satisfying the land hunger of the settlers pouring into the country. He was given very few military resources. Government revenue, mainly from customs duties, was woefully inadequate for his responsibilities.
One of his first tasks was to enquire into the circumstances surrounding the Wairau Affray
, in which there had been violent conflict between settlers and the Maori. He found the actions of the colonists to have been illegal and declined to take any action against Te Rauparaha
. He did not have the troops to meet him on anything like equal terms. But, the New Zealand Company
and the settlers felt betrayed and angry. He appointed a Government Superintendent for the area, to establish a ruling presence. Fitzroy also insisted that the New Zealand Company pay the Māori a realistic price for the land they claimed to have purchased. These moves made him very unpopular.
Land sales were a continuing vexatious issue. The settlers were eager to buy land and some Māori were willing to sell, but under the provisions of the Treaty of Waitangi
, land sales required the Government as an intermediary, and were thus extremely slow. FitzRoy changed the rules to allow settlers to purchase Māori land directly, subject to a duty of ten shillings per acre. But, land sales proved slower than expected.
To meet the financial shortfall, FitzRoy raised the customs duties, then replaced them with property
and income taxes
. All these expedients failed. Before long the Colony was faced with bankruptcy, and FitzRoy was forced to begin issuing promissory notes
, paper money without backing.
Meanwhile, the Māori in the far North, around the Bay of Islands
, who had been the first to sign the Treaty of Waitangi, were feeling increasingly sidelined and resentful of the changes that had taken place in New Zealand. To signal their resentment, Hone Heke
cut down the flagpole at Kororareka
. Rather than address the problems, FitzRoy had the flagpole re-erected. Hone Heke cut it down again, four times altogether; by the fourth occasion the First New Zealand War, sometimes called the Flagstaff War
or the Northern War, was well under way.
FitzRoy quickly realized that he did not have the resources to bring about a quick end to the war. Meanwhile, the spokesmen for the New Zealand Company were active back in the United Kingdom, lobbying against FitzRoy's Governorship, which they presented to the House of Commons
in a very poor light. As a result, he was shortly afterwards recalled and replaced by George Grey
, then Governor of South Australia
. Grey was given the backing and financial support that FitzRoy had needed but was denied."
I am reading the book already mentioned on this forum:
by Harry Thompsonhttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Thompson
"This Thing of Darkness"https://www.amazon.com/This-Thing-Darkness-Harry-Thompson/dp/0755302818
As I see from Wikipedia and comments on the book, the novel follows meticulously the reality or what is known from the reality. And as such I ask Caro, what she knows about the governorship of FitzRoy in New Zealand and if the wiki is completely right?
As an addition I will give further comments about the life of Robert FitzRoy
Kind regards, Paul.