Crassus, ever a harsh disciplinarian, decimated 500 troops in 71bc who had fled from Spartacus's army. Plutarch described it as "Savage and very repulsive".
By Mark Anthony's rule, decimation was controversial. He tried to strike fear into his troops by doing this for cowardice and desertion.
Suetonius records that it was used for the last time by Augustus in 17 BC, while Tacitus records that Lucius Apronius used decimation to punish a full cohort of the III Augusta after their defeat by Tacfarinas in AD 20.
In 350ad, black Roman commander Maurice of the doomed Theban legion, apparently carrying the spear of Christ, and his 6,660 men refused to commit acts of war against fellow Christians, and were successively decimated until none were left.